The token exchange paradigm shows that monkeys and great apes are able to use objects as symbolic tools to request specific food rewards. Such studies provide insights into the cognitive underpinnings of economic behaviour in non-human primates. However, the ecological validity of these laboratory-based experimental situations tends to be limited. Our field research aims to address the need for a more ecologically valid primate model of trading systems in humans. Around the Uluwatu Temple in Bali, Indonesia, a large free-ranging population of long-tailed macaques spontaneously and routinely engage in token-mediated bartering interactions with humans. These interactions occur in two phases: after stealing inedible and more or less valuable objects from humans, the macaques appear to use them as tokens, by returning them to humans in exchange for food. Our field observational and experimental data showed (i) age differences in robbing/bartering success, indicative of experiential learning, and (ii) clear behavioural associations between value-based token possession and quantity or quality of food rewards rejected and accepted by subadult and adult monkeys, suggestive of robbing/bartering payoff maximization and economic decision-making. This population-specific, prevalent, cross-generational, learned and socially influenced practice may be the first example of a culturally maintained token economy in free-ranging animals.
Amid concerns of a possible "insider attack" at Joe Biden's inauguration, a dozen National Guard members have been removed from inaugural duties in Washington DC and sent home, Defense Department officials said Tuesday. All of them were found to either have links to right-wing militia groups or to have posted...
A Morning Consult poll finds that four in five Americans want Biden to prioritize federal aid. The top two concerns of the voters were small business aid and stimulus checks. Respondents also indicated favorability of extending mortgage forbearance policies. They also favored increasing unemployment benefits and raising taxes for the wealthy. Treasury Secretary nominee Janet Yellen affirmed Biden's stance on aid in her confirmation hearing. Biden lists a quick economic recovery from the pandemic at the top of his to-do agenda.
Chad Henne came off the bench cold in the heat of a tense playoff game and delivered the game-sealing plays for Kansas City in his most consequential performance in a win since 2013
Alec Baldwin Leaves Twitter Following Backlash Over Wife's Heritage. Hilaria Baldwin recently came under fire after some social media users accused her of faking a Spanish accent. Hilaria claims to have come to America from the Spanish island of Mallorca when she was 19 years old for college. People who say they went to the same high school as her disputed those claims, calling into question her true heritage. Hilaria then clarified that she was "born in Boston and grew up spending time with my family between Massachusetts and Spain.". Alec took to Instagram shortly after to defend his wife, and now he's seemingly sick of the comments on Twitter, saying, "Goodbye for now."
Andrew Williams was one of the Trump supporters who stormed the US Capitol on January 6th. Days later, he asked, "How are they going to arrest every single person?" in a live stream. His expression of doubt regarding the insurrection was fairly widespread among participants. Williams was arrested on January 13th, according to Business Insider. Williams' activities and participation were chronicled in photos and videos obtained by federal police. The FBI and local police force are urging everyone with info to come forward.
Pardon day is here. The White House was expected to announce a slew of pardons and commutations on Tuesday, President Trump's last full day in office, but instead the list came out early Wednesday, hours before his term ends at noon, CNN reports. The most notable name on the list...
Powerful winds that blew through Southern California on Jan. 19 are blamed for trucks tipping over, trees falling over and fueling new fires that sparked. AccuWeather's Bill Wadell had the story.
US Says China's Treatment of Uighur Muslims Is 'Genocide'. The U.S. State Department declared its assessment on Tuesday, a day before President-elect Joe Biden will take office as president. The President-elect also referred to the treatment of Uighur Muslims as genocide in 2020. As defined by the United Nations, genocide amounts to an "intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.” . I believe this genocide is ongoing, and that we are witnessing the systematic attempt to destroy Uighurs by the Chinese party-state, Mike Pompeo, Secretary of State, via 'The New York Times'. Pompeo described Chinese officials as being “engaged in the forced assimilation and eventual erasure of a vulnerable ethnic and religious minority group.”. Uighur Muslims live in the northwestern region of China called Xinjiang. It is estimated that perhaps more than one million Uighur Muslims have been forced into internment camps for "re-education.". Uighur Muslims and other minority Muslims in the region are also thought to have been subjected to forced sterilization. China officials responded to the U.S. assessment of genocide. This utterly untethered fabrication of ‘genocide’ regarding Xinjiang is the conspiracy of the century, Xu Guixiang, Deputy Director of Propaganda Xinjiang, via 'The New York Times'
Aaron Rodgers, Patrick Mahomes and Josh Allen have something in common besides being three of the four starting quarterbacks remaining in the NFL playoffs
Antony Blinken, Joe Biden's pick for secretary of state, pledged at his confirmation hearing to bring Congress in as a full foreign policy "partner," a subtle jab at the Trump administration and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo. (Jan. 21)
Joe Biden said an emotional farewell to his Delaware hometown Tuesday before departing for Washington, DC. When he next visits Wilmington, he will be President Biden. The president-elect spoke at a National Guard center named after son Beau Biden, who died from brain cancer in 2015, the Guardian reports. A...
Prosecutors are now going after alleged organizers of the Capitol attack as well as participants. A criminal complaint Tuesday accused three alleged members of the far-right Oath Keepers of conspiring against the United States, among other offenses, reports Reuters . Prosecutors say Thomas Caldwell, a 65-year-old Navy veteran who allegedly has...
Vaccine supply issues continue to plague California as the state tries to ramp up COVID-19 vaccination efforts. So far 3.2 million doses have been shipped to California and 1.5 million doses administered, the state's top health official said. (Jan. 19)
At least three top Republicans plan to miss President Donald Trump's farewell ceremony. House Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and Rep. Kevin McCarthy will attend church with Joe Biden. Vice President Mike Pence is unable to make it due to logistical issues, says Business Insider. Many people see this as the final snub to Trump from his once-closest allies. Others may also fail to attend but none so far have been confirmed outside of these three. Joe Biden is set to take office tomorrow and become the 46th President of the United States.
Asian shares were mostly higher ahead of Joe Biden’s inauguration as U.S. president, though worries about surging coronavirus cases sapped the Japanese market’s early gains
'Wonka' Prequel Set for 2023 Release. According to Warner Bros., the movie will focus on "a young Willy Wonka and his adventures prior to opening the world’s most famous chocolate factory.". 'Paddington' director Paul King and 'Harry Potter' producer David Heyman signed on for the project. Gene Wilder portrayed the infamous character in 1971's 'Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory.'. Johnny Depp tried his hand at playing the squirrely chocolatier in a 2005 reboot directed by Tim Burton. It is not yet known who will portray Willy Wonka in the prequel. 'Wonka' is slated to hit theaters March 17, 2023
14 (UPI) -- The incoming Biden administration's plan to release more doses of the COVID-19 vaccine won't cause supply shortages, Dr. Celine Gounder, a member of the newly created COVID-19 advisory board said Thursday. Two COVID-19 vaccines, made by Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, have been approved for use in the United States, and both require two doses for maximum effectiveness. Through Thursday, nearly 30 million doses of the two vaccines had been distributed across the country, but fewer than 11 million have been administered, based on estimates from the U.S.
America will be getting two new senators as well as a new president and vice president on Wednesday. The campaigns of Democratic senators-elect Raphael Warnock and Jon Ossoff say they will be sworn in at 4:30pm Eastern by Kamala Harris in her capacity as vice president, the Hill reports....
Senate Leader Mitch McConnell Says Donald Trump ‘Provoked’ Capitol Siege . Senate Republican leader Mitch McConnell has delivered his most severe and public rebuke of President Donald Trump yet. During his opening Senate remarks on Tuesday, McConnell explicitly blamed Trump for the deadly Capitol siege. He referenced Trump’s repeated baseless claims of election fraud, saying that the President “fed [the rioters] lies.” . McConnell also said that Trump “provoked” the attack. . His accusation is in reference to the speech Trump gave to the crowd shortly before the attempted coup. . During the speech, Trump urged them to march to the Capitol and “never concede.” . The mob was fed lies … They were provoked by the president and other powerful people, and they tried to use fear and violence to stop a specific proceeding of the first branch of the federal government which they did not like, Mitch McConnell, via AP News. Although he blocked a quick Senate impeachment trial from taking place, McConnell has not ruled out an eventual vote to impeach Trump. . In a letter to his GOP colleagues following the House’s impeachment vote, McConnell said he had not decided on “how [he] will vote.” . I have not made a final decision on how I will vote and I intend to listen to the legal arguments when they are presented to the Senate. , Mitch McConnell, via AP News